Printing is a procedure for reproducing images and text with ink on paper using a printing press. It is usually carried out as a large-scale industrial process and is an essential part of publishing and transaction printing. There is a lot of different printing techniques, these can be used in any type of printing procedures.

Printing Techniques


These are very similar processes that create different results, although both processes involve making a metal plate and a counter. Paper is stamped between the plate and counter when the plate is mounted on a press, the force of the stock pressure pushes the plate creating the impression. The only difference between the two printing techniques are debossing creates a depressed impression whilst embossing produces a raised impression. There are two ways you can use the printing technique of embossing at home, dry embossing and heat embossing.

Dry Embossing

Dry embossing – also known as ‘relief embossing’ – is done by tracing a stencil with some paper over it with something called a stylus (a hard point, typically of diamond or sapphire, following a groove for reproduction) to get the raised effect.

Heat Embossing

Heat embossing – also referred to as stamp and heat embossing – is done by stamping an image on a piece of paper, sprinkle powder over the stamped page and then applying heat to it, such as an iron.

Silk Lamination/Lamination

Silk lamination is a printing technique that provides a soft, silky finish that is water-resistant and tear-resistant, and rounds off dynamic colours. These pieces are traditionally printed in full-colour, however to get the unique texture the cardstock is coated with a hard wearing, weather-resistant, silk laminate finish. This printing technique can also be a liquid that dries to a tough gloss or dull surface, or it can be a film. Both bond to the surface to protect it and give it a shine or a hush effect.

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